Why Ephesus was abandoned? This is one of the most frequently asked questions by travelers who are on private tours of Ephesus with guides.
City’s defense walls - later city walls and one of the gates of the city
How were the communication lines?
Where were the Graveyards?
Where were the Marble Quarries?
Among these 35 types some came from Italy, Egypt, Libya, Tunusia, Greek Islands. But mostly around Ephesus there are 25 marble quarries available.
We found these quarries one by one, and studied at them.
The pieces that were cut in the quarries are sent to the city half-proccessed. There are several reasons for that to eliminate the low quality ones at the quarry, they process it a little and if it doesn't brake it means it is safe to sue and to be sent to the city to be worked on.
Most of the marble quarries are very near to the banks of River Kaystros. One of them that you can easily see is Kuşini Marble Quarry, this quarry is an exceptional because it is a Closed Quarry.
They opened it as a Gallery, they left column-like supports from the main bedrock, and went all the way below.
Near Pamucak Ephesus Princess Hotel, below that hotel there is a unbelievably big marble quarry.
They would do this either with Mirror, Fire or Smoke.
According to calculations and information could be delivered at Ephesus at least in half an hour from a 50 mile distance from Smyrna.