Why Ephesus was abandoned? This is one of the most frequently asked questions by travelers who are on private tours of Ephesus with guides.
City’s defense walls - later city walls and one of the gates of the city
How were the communication lines?
Where were the Graveyards?
Where were the Marble Quarries?
Among these 35 types some came from Italy, Egypt, Libya, Tunusia, Greek Islands. But mostly around Ephesus there are 25 marble quarries available.
We found these quarries one by one, and studied at them.
The pieces that were cut in the quarries are sent to the city half-proccessed. There are several reasons for that to eliminate the low quality ones at the quarry, they process it a little and if it doesn't brake it means it is safe to sue and to be sent to the city to be worked on.
Most of the marble quarries are very near to the banks of River Kaystros. One of them that you can easily see is Kuşini Marble Quarry, this quarry is an exceptional because it is a Closed Quarry.
They opened it as a Gallery, they left column-like supports from the main bedrock, and went all the way below.
Near Pamucak Ephesus Princess Hotel, below that hotel there is a unbelievably big marble quarry.
They would do this either with Mirror, Fire or Smoke.
According to calculations and information could be delivered at Ephesus at least in half an hour from a 50 mile distance from Smyrna.
Article 4 will be about the areas he worked on excavations at Ephesus Ancient City his memories and some unknown areas yet to be discovered.
This blog post is consisted of more personal stories so it will be interesting for not only tour guides for Ephesus but also for the general audience who is interested in discovery stories.
What are the effects of technology to Archaeology?
The structure he thought was the Synagogue of Ephesus?
Stoa of Alitarc at the entrance of Ephesus Terrace Houses?
The Turkish Movie that was filmed here...
His thoughts on delivering the information to tourists
Is there a relation between Narthex plant and some ancient settlements?
The undug area across the Terrace Houses in Ephesus.
The theory of Lyzimakhos’ Villa at Ephesus Ancient City.
Then they check if the found a wall how long it goes to different directions only by excavating the area as a conventional practice.
But now the technology is so advanced, there is geophysics radar, geo-radar, you run that system and see how long the walls would go underneath without needing any excavation.
And he gives some interesting information about the radar scanned parts of Ephesus.
at the Upper entrance ticket office, there is a path going towards Domitian Temple and the Terrace Houses. There has been a geo-radar ground survey practiced over there, and they found out that there is a majestic avenue underneath, the columns are still standing.
But I am not for it to be excavated, because the technology is in a progress and developing every day. We do not want to experience the same things that happened in Terrace Houses Unit 1.
First you need to find the funds to preserve and restore then you should start excavating.
It reminds him straight the Synagogue of Sardis and he reckons they found the Synagogue in Ephesus as well.
It turns out it's just a extraordinarily beautiful road junction where they placed this fountain.
Will mostly be about the Terrace Houses at Ephesus.
What is the total area that Terrace Houses cover?
What are the different time periods of Terrace Houses?
What are uses the Terrace Houses area had after inhabitance?
Who is the owner of the House at Terrace Houses Dwelling Unit 6?
Where does it say that the house was owned by that particular person?
What other names do we know stated as the owners of the houses?
Restorations at Terrace Houses
Restoration of the columns at the Courtyard at Terrace Houses Unit 6
The restorations of the Wall Paintings and the Frescoes at the Terrace Houses of Ephesus.
The protection roof project of the 1960s.
What are some of the used materials Marble?
About Details of some of the areas at the Terrace Houses in Ephesus
The Cult section at Unit 6
Where were the entrances from?
How was the lighting arranged in the Houses of Ephesus Ancient City?
Some of the walls has up to 8 layers of stucco and wall paintings.
Some of them have 2 to 3 different layers from different time periods.
And he talks about some of the staircases used or added in later periods
And he talks about a vault being covered and be used as a wall in a later usage period.
And about the restoration systems
the restorators normally uses different colors to show the difference between the originals and the restored parts.
But according to Cengiz İcten Austrian restorators at Ephesus didn't apply this system and kept it same color so it is almost impossible to distinguish the originals from the restored ones unless you are an expert.
There is an earthquake in Ephesus in 260sAD, most of these houses were destroyed by the earthquake so after this earthquake most of these houses were used as workshops we are going to see Mills, blacksmiths workshops and Marble Cutting Studios in the following parts.
And about the owner of that house Vilius Salitarius there are so many gossips written on the walls of his toilet as graffiti.
The gossips include some explicit content including his sexual preferences. So similar to nowadays that toilets were the locations to see such speculative messages.
This was one of the wealthiest families at Ephesus, he also is a priest for Dionysus Cult he is also responsible from the Upper (State) Agora of Ephesus so he has plenty of money that's why his house is 710m2.
He has the private bath, banquet feast reception hall. This reception hall alone is 135m2.
They were randomly put into boxes as they were found later realizing they were all pieces from different parts with varying sizes different thickness and different colors.
First they were boxed then they were categorized according to their thickness, now around %90-95 is on the tables.
They are being placed over a very robust type of paper called the honeycomb so that they can be moved easily.
Unfortunately many valuable finds were lost and destroyed from Ephesus Terrace Houses Unit 1.
And later in the 80s, Austrians wanted to start a new project Terrace Houses Unit 2.
Us as the official museum authority told them they can excavate but they should also be responsible of the restoration and the maintenance it needs after excavation.
It turned out to be something beautiful, a very good project.
There used to be a former Roofing systems in the early years.
Gilbert Wiblingert made the roof project of the Terrace House Unit 2.
Maybe it was good or bad, but at the academy in Austria there was a competition and Gilbert's team lost after that the roofing is removed from here and this new roof system is constructed instead.
Maybe it doesn't look very appealing from outside, looks like a greenhouse but it protects the finds at it's best potential. The researchers and restorators can work even in the winter time but 11 million US Dollars of money is spent for it.
This weakened the Austrian excavation team a little. After Krizingen period there was another competition at the academy in Austria and Sabine won that.
And after that 11 million dollars of expense Austrians couldn't initiate another large scale project like this.
Later these columns were joined back and they drilled the center of the columns to fix a metal dowel and tied to a steel construction on the floor.
Here we are proceeding with our Ephesus Study Trip sequel with our 2nd post.
In this post we will share couple of videos discussing the information about Water Sources and Water Lines in Ephesus Ancient City and the Terrace Houses.
And he shows the supporting marble on that well with 3 niches inside, where you release the buckets with ropes and this well goes 15 meters (45 feet) deep.