The partially excavated structure across from the State Agora was the Bath complex.
You can see large bathing rooms on the back of the structure.
On the left side was the Calderium or hot water room, with niches for bathing basins and large windows.
On the front of the complex, or south-side was a latrine (Click Here for more information about the Public Latrines at Ephesus) and smaller adjoining rooms some of which were used for commercial activity. (Click Here to learn more about the Market Places in Ephesus)
There was also a larger hall like a basilica with mosaic floors where people could relax, stroll or engage in physical exercise.
Upper Entrance to Ephesus Site is right across these Baths, so when visitors start their Private Tours of Ephesus, the first standing structure they see is the Triple Arched walls remaining from the Upper Bath Complex.
Inscriptions also suggest the presence of a Gymnasium from the late Hellenistic period. Gymnasium is a larger complex including some Educational and training partitions added to the Bath Complex.