The Grand Theater of Ephesus dominates the landscape of Ephesus with the sheer size and magnanimity.
Construction on the Theater began in the 3rd to 2nd Century BC during the late Hellenistic period.
Initially it had only 1 tier of seats, it was eventually completed with 2 more tears in Roman Imperial Times.
The Theater became a focal point in the life of the city as a place for assembly, dramatic performances, and later on athletic competition.
The Theater seats 25.000, the largest of its kind found in modern day Turkey.
The upper tier of seats was surrounded by covered portico which along with the sloping design of the audience area was vital in creating the necessary acoustical quality of the structure.
In the later stages of building, an awning was added on to the portico giving partial covering to the audience.
Though no more than the first floor remains the stage house in front of the audience area was three floors high and was fronted with an elaborate facade adorned with statues.
This facade faced the audience serving as a magnificent backdrop for performances.
The stage House also had a Hellenistic period fountain outside on the north-west corner where the Marble and the Harbor Street meet.
It was in this theater, in reaction to Apostle Paul's propagation of Christianity in Ephesus, and a subsequent burning of articles relating to the cult of Artemis that Demetrius, the silversmith led a crowd in a 2 hour chant, "Great is the Goddess Artemis" this story can be found in Acts 19 of the Bible.